Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the most anticipated experiences of many safaris. The climb offers many impressive views of the surrounding countryside and is one of the few places where you can experience so many climate changes within such a short journey.The climb is not particularly difficult, almost anyone in can experience this great acheivement. Guides are essential in order to get the most from the climb and to see the wonders of Tanzania from the roof of Africa.
The dramatic crater of Mount Meru is often neglected in favor of its famous neighbor to the east, but a visit to this spectacular mountain, located within Arusha National Park, is an unforgettable experience. Its low slopes are covered in dense highland forest, where Colobus monkeys paly and Buffalo graze concealed beneath the thick foliage. The extinct Volcano’s extensive base give away to perfectly formed crater, and another internal crater with sharp, sheer cliffs. An ash cone forms a subsidiary peak and Momela lakes and Gurudoto Crater are visible from the slopes of the Mountain.
Rising of from the floor of the Rift Valley, Crater Highlands form a lush chain of mountains and Volcanoes that include the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and surrounding Maasai tribal lands. Hiking safaris take visitors from Ngorongoro Crater to the foot of OI Donyo Lengai and offer a chance to see some of the most spectacular and stunning scenery in Tanzania. Exploring this little visited wilderness is the hiking adventure of a lifetime. Within the crater rim, large herds of Zebra and Wildebeest graze nearby while sleeping lions laze in the sun. At dawn, the endangered black rhino return to the thick cover of the Crater forest after grazing on dew-laden grass in the morning mist. Just outside the Craters ridge, tall Maasai heard their cattle and goats over green pasture through slopes. Living alongside the wildlife as they have for centuries.
EASTERN ARC MOUNTAIN RANGE
Stretching from the Taita Hills of southern Kenya to the Southern highlands of Tanzania, the Eastern Arc Mountain Range has some of the oldest geological activity on the continent. Estimated to be at least 100 million years old with some formations up to 600 million years old, the relative stability of their climate means that the areas hosts a surprising array of biodiversity, from plants and insects life, to spectacular birds species.
The Livingstone Mountains are a low-altitude chain that borders Lake Nyasa. Remote and difficult to reach, climbing is largely uncharted and remains unexplored by trekkers and guides. Only very experienced hackers should undertake the trails.
Just a few hours drive from Arusha, the Monduli Mountains make a lovely day trip or can be part of a longer hiking itinerary. Maasai pastoralist heard their cattle along the slopes and cultural tourism programs gives visitors the opportunity to learn about traditional medicines and local Maasai culture. The surrounding views of the Rift Valley, Mt Meru and Mt Kilimanjaro are incredible.
Remotely located on somewhat bumpy tacks 200 km south-west of Arusha. Mt Hanang extinct volcanic crater makes for stunning features above the undulating plains. The two-day climb takes trekkers through numerous tribal areas, including the land of the semi-nomadic Brabaig, recognizable by the their goatskin garments.
OL DONYO LENGAI
Overlooking Lake Natron and the bush land of Kenya to the north, OI Donyo Lengai, which means the home of God ‘ In Maasai is an active volcano and one of Tanzania’s most spectacular and undiscovered climbs. The volcano erupts sporadically, sending streams of grey lava down the crater rim and spitting hot ash high into the air. The climb, undertaken overnight so hikers can experience sunrise over the Rift Valley escarpment, is highly challenging.
Part of Eastern Arc range in north –eastern Tanzania, the remote Pare Mountains are extremely rewarding to the avid trekker searching for hiking off the beaten path. Home to the Pare tribe, agriculturalist and pastoralist who have largely retained their traditional way of life, a hick through the Pare Mountains takes visitors through local villages and beautiful forests and offers the chance to see a little – visited part of the country.
Located West of Dar es Salaam, the Udzungwa Mountains rise up from the western edge of the Selous Game Reserve. Vervet monkeys play high in the forest canopy, and small forest antelope can be viewed at the right time of the day. Botanical diversity is exceptional, and the park is host to a large number of endangered bird species. Views from the peaks of the mountains, towards the Selous Game Reserve and the distant Indian Ocean cost, are incredible and well worth the effort. Five distinct trails cover levels of difficulty for everyone from novices to experienced trackers. Better yet there are no roads through the Udzungwa Mountains National Park, so hikers have the area all to themselves.
Overlooking the agricultural area around Morogoro, the Uluguru Mountains are part of the Eastern Arc range and are named after the Luguru tribe, matrilineal group that farms on its verdant slopes. The area has some of the oldest forests in Africa, and because the ecosystem has remained undisturbed by climatic and geographical changes for an estimated 25 million years, hiking in the area is particularly rewarding. A Plethora of endemic birds and insect species are found here, nut permits are required to reach most of the peaks and permissions must be sought in advance.
The Usambara Mountain are part of the Eastern Arc chain in the northeastern part of the country. Their western and eastern range are divided by a 4 km wide valley of small villages and farms, and large peaks. Day walk and overnight treks take visitors through some of the most concentrated area of biodiversity in Africa. Birds watching are specifically rewarding, and the views from the mountaintops stretch over the Maasai Steppe and, on a clear day, as far as the Indian Ocean.
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Marangu route is the most popular and considered easy route to the roof of Africa. However enough time to acclimatize and briefing from professional guides is very important. This route offers the best trail in the rainforest section of the trek and is not so physically demanding.
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This is the second most popular route, and it is considered the most beautiful route to the roof of Africa. With a gradual ascend through the forest you emerge to see wide views of the moorland on Shira plateau, Kibo and Western Breach.
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The dramatic crater of Mount Meru is often neglected in favor of its famous neighbor to the east, but a visit to this spectacular mountain, located within Arusha National Park, is an unforgettable experience.